Making Accessible Possible: The “AccessKit” in Hirshhorn Museum

CHAN Hua-Tzu
Senior Deputy Supervisor of the Research Department, Museum of Contemporary Art, Taipei, Taiwan.


This study aims to conduct a case analysis of the formulation and implementation of cultural technology policies in various countries, seeking a comprehensive understanding of different countries’ goals, strategies, and practices in the realm of cultural technology. The analysis focuses on the United Kingdom, the United States, South Korea, Australia, UNESCO, and the Legal Guidelines of Cultural Technology Policies of the Ministry of Culture in Taiwan. Recent developments in cultural technology in these countries are examined through policy data, exploring the trends in the development of cultural technology policies. Over the past decade, the development and application of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in the cultural sector have become significant issues for nations. Policymakers and practitioners in the cultural field need an international perspective to reassess cultural technology policies in response to the increasingly challenging forces of globalization. This study analyzes cultural technology policy documents from various countries, including Taiwan, to understand their policy goals, content, and development focus. It is found that the cultural technology policies of various countries all recognize the importance of integrating culture and technology. They have positive expectations for how technology can help disseminate culture and empower cultural and artistic practitioners. Additionally, they believe that new technologies will bring about new cultural and artistic experiences and business models. However, several policy documents from multiple countries also indicate that issues such as monopolies created by emerging platform economies and the digital divide caused by differences in digital literacy remain unresolved. Moreover, cultural diversity is threatened within the platform economy. The powerful digital world has drawn society as a whole into the process of digital transformation, leading to a paradigm shift in the cultural environment. The processes of cultural product and service delivery are changing. Policymakers in Taiwan must explore potential pathways within the structure of Taiwan’s policy formulation by comparing international experiences to adapt to the rapidly changing technological and political environments.

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